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Itineraries from Medieval times to the 20th century

Rimini

THE MIDDLE AGES
In the XII century Rimini became a municipality and in 1204 the heart of the city was transferred to Piazza
Cavour where work was begun on the construction of the Town Hall (the Arengo).
Great artists came to work in Rimini, beginning with Giotto and continuing with the group of masters who formed the fourteenth century Rimini school.

THE RENAISSANCE
1400,the age of the splendid dominion of the Malatesta Family. Many parts of the city still remind us of
Sigismondo Pandolfo, the most famous of its members, who built the castle, Castel Sismondo and the cathedral, the Tempio Malatestiano. Many artists arrived in Rimini (Piero della Francesca, Leon Battista Alberti and Giovanni Bellini).

PIAZZA CAVOUR
If Piazza Tre Martiri was the heart of the Roman city, Piazza Cavour was the fulcrum of the mediaeval township. The main attraction is the Arengo Palazzo (1204), The Palazzo del Podestà (1330) is right next to it, opposite the statue of Pope Paul V (1614). Leonardo da Vinci was enthusiastic about the sound of water coming from the 15 waterspouts on the Fontana della Pigna (Fountain of the Pinecone).
Along the shorter side of the square is the Galli Theatre.

THE FISH MARKET
Across the square from the Palazzo dell’Arengo is the entrance to the eighteenth century fish market, one of the most distinctive areas of the city. The stone counters, the waterspouts for cleaning the fish and the large clock are all still there. Today,the alleyways around the fish market contain many small fashionable bars and the area has become one of the centres of Rimini’s “movida” or night life.

CASTEL SISMONDO
From Piazza Cavour, you will find yourself in Piazza Malatesta, face to face with the impressive Castel Sismondo (1437), a classic renaissance castle. The castle was designed by Sigismondo himself with Brunelleschi as one of his advisors. The fortified castle was naturally a symbol of power. Today, only the large central nucleus remains.

THE MALATESTA TEMPLE
With its magnificent white marble façade, designed by Leon Battista Alberti, a giant in the history of architecture, the Malatesta Temple contains a series of side chapels housing various treasures: the Crucifix by Giotto, a fresco by Piero della Francesca and a bas-relief of angels blowing their trumpets on a blue background.
The peculiarity of the Malatesta Temple is that, although it was erected in a period when Renaissance philosophy was at its height, glory is not given to God alone, as was the custom, but also to a man, in the person of Sigismondo.


PAOLO AND FRANCESCA
The moving love story of Paolo and Francesca and their tragic death has fired the imagination of painters and poets from Dante (Canto V of the Inferno) to D’Annunzio, who dedicated his “Francesca da Rimini” to his beloved Eleonora Duse. Francesca, the daughter of the Lord of Ravenna became bride to Giovanni Gianciotto Malatesta (Giovanni the Lame). Her lover, Paolo il Bello (the Handsome), was her husband’s brother. It was an adulterous affair therefore, which was discovered and punished by death. Much of the historic evidence indicates that the murders were committed in Rimini in the “red houses” at St. Andrea’s Gate, the Malatesta family's main residence.

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